Factors influencing survival in patients with breast cancer and single or solitary brain metastasis

A Niwinska, K Pogoda, Magdalena Murawska, P Niwinski

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To perform a comprehensive analysis of patients with breast cancer and solitary or single brain metastasis and to analyze factors influencing survival from brain metastasis. Methods: One hundred consecutive patients with single or solitary brain metastasis were treated in one institution in the years 2003-2009. Brain lesions were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A total of 57% of patients underwent resection of brain metastasis, 95% of patients received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and 67% were treated systemically after WBRT. Results: Median survival from the detection of brain metastasis was 13 months and 28% of patients survived for 2 years. In 29 patients with solitary brain metastasis, median survival was 20 months (2-80 months) and in 71 patients with single brain metastasis it was 11 months (1-79 months) p = 0.01. Median survival from brain metastasis in patients with Recursive Partitioning Analysis Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RPA RTOG) prognostic class I, II and III was 22 months (4-80 months), 13 months (2-79 months) and 6 months (0.4-28 months), respectively, p < 0.0001. Median survival from brain metastasis in triple-negative, HER2, luminal B and luminal A subtypes was 11 months, 13 months, 16 months and 15 months, respectively ( p = 0.60). Multivariate analysis revealed that RPA RTOG prognostic class I, neurosurgery and systemic therapy after WBRT were factors that correlated with survival. Conclusions: In patients with one metastatic lesion in the brain, affiliation to RPA RTOG prognostic class I and intensive local and systemic treatment had a strong correlation with survival. There was no significant correlation between biological subtype of cancer and survival. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)635-642
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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