Factors Influencing the Introduction of Value-Based Payment in Integrated Stroke Care: Evidence from a Qualitative Case Study

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Background: To address issues related to suboptimal insight in outcomes, fragmen-tation, and increasing costs, stakeholders are experimenting with value-based payment (VBP) models, aiming to facilitate high-value integrated care. However, insight in how, why and under what circumstances such models can be successful is limited. Drawing upon realist evaluation principles, this study identifies context factors and associated mechanisms influencing the introduction of VBP in stroke care. Methods: Existing knowledge on context-mechanism relations impacting the introduction of VBP programs (in real-world settings) was summarized from literature. These relations were then tested, refined, and expanded based on a case study comprising interviews with representatives from organizations involved in the introduction of a VBP model for integrated stroke care in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Results: Facilitating factors were pre-existing trust-based relations, shared dissatisfaction with the status quo, regulatory compatibility and simplicity of the payment contract, gradual introduction of down-side risk for providers, and involvement of a trusted third party for data management. Yet to be addressed barriers included friction between short-and long-term goals within and among organizations, unwillingness to forgo professional and organizational autonomy, discontinuity in resources, and limited access to real-time data for improving care delivery processes. Conclusions: Successful payment and delivery system reform require long-term commitment from all stakeholders stretching beyond the mere introduction of new models. Careful consideration of creating the ‘right’ contextual circumstances remains crucially important, which includes willingness among all involved providers to bear shared financial and clinical responsibility for the entire care chain, regardless of where care is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalInternational Journal of Integrated Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project has received funding from the Erasmus Initiative “Smarter Choices for Better Health’’.

Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Author(s).


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