Fair competition in the refuse collection market?

E. Dijkgraaf*, R. H.J.M. Gradus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We estimate whether fair competition exists for tendering refuse collection in the Netherlands. The results indicate that concentration increases prices and offsets the advantage of contracting out. The presence of competing public firms might be essential to ensure fair competition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-704
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007


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