Fasciocutaneous and jejunal free flaps for circumferential hypopharyngeal defect reconstruction: A 22-year multicenter cohort study

Anthony M Tonsbeek*, Caroline A Hundepool, Merel M Smit, Pieter S Verduijn, Liron S Duraku, Aniel Sewnaik, Bas P L Wijnhoven, Marc A M Mureau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether a tubed fasciocutaneous or jejunal free flap (FCFF and JFF) is preferable for reconstruction of circumferential pharyngolaryngoesophageal defects.

METHODS: All consecutive patients with circumferential pharyngolaryngoesophageal defects reconstructed with an FCFF or JFF between 2000 and 2022 were included. Outcomes of interest were rates of fistulas, strictures, and donor-site complications.

RESULTS: In total, 112 patients were included (35 FCFFs and 77 JFFs). Fistula and stricture rates were significantly lower following JFF compared to FCFF reconstructions, with 12% versus 34% (p = 0.008) and 29% versus 49% (p = 0.04), respectively. Severe donor-site complications leading to surgical intervention or ICU admittance only occurred after JFF reconstructions (18%, p = 0.007).

CONCLUSIONS: The high fistula and stricture rates in FCFF reconstructions and the rate of severe abdominal complications in JFF reconstructions illustrate inherent procedure-specific advantages and disadvantages. Relative pros and cons should be carefully weighed when tailoring treatments to the individual needs of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1351-1361
Number of pages11
JournalHead and Neck
Volume46
Issue number6
Early online date31 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. Head & Neck published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.

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