Fatigue in relation to long-term participation outcome in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage survivors

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OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of fatigue with long-term participation in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage survivors. DESIGN: Cohort study, 4 years post-onset. SUBJECTS: A total of 59 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS: Participation performance was assessed with the Sickness Impact Profile-68, participation autonomy and problem experience with the Impact on Participation and Autonomy questionnaire, and community integration with the Community Integration Questionnaire. Fatigue was assessed with the Fatigue Severity Scale and depression with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale. Multivariable linear regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Fifty-nine survivors (mean age 53.0 years, standard deviation (SD) 10.8 years) were included, of which 59.3% was fatigued. Fatigued patients had significantly worse participation scores than non-fatigued patients regarding performance (p < 0.001), autonomy indoors (p = 0.001), autonomy outdoors (p = 0.002) and problem experience (p = 0.001), but not regarding community integration. More severe fatigue was related to worse participation in terms of performance (B = 2.79, p < 0.001) and problem experience (B = 0.08, p = 0.003), adjusted for depression and inpatient rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: Four years after onset, many survivors of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage have persistent fatigue, which is independently associated with reduced participation in activities of daily living. Therefore, future studies should investigate whether rehabilitation programs that focus on fatigue are effective in improving long-term participation outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)jrm00173
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


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