Feasibility and Accuracy of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Whole-Heart Inverse Potential Mapping of Sinus Rhythm and Idiopathic Ventricular Foci

P (Pranav) Bhagirath, Marcella Graaf, E van Dongen, J de Hooge, V van Driel, H Ramanna, Natasja de Groot, MJW Gotte

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Abstract

Background-Inverse potential mapping (IPM) noninvasively reconstructs cardiac surface potentials using body surface potentials. This requires a volume conductor model (VCM), usually constructed from computed tomography; however, computed tomography exposes the patient to harmful radiation and lacks information about tissue structure. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is not associated with this limitation and might have advantages for mapping purposes. This feasibility study investigated a magnetic resonance imaging-based IPM approach. In addition, the impact of incorporating the lungs and their particular resistivity values was explored. Methods and Results-Three volunteers and 8 patients with premature ventricular contractions scheduled for ablation underwent 65-electrode body surface potential mapping. A VCM was created using magnetic resonance imaging. Cardiac surface potentials were estimated from body surface potentials and used to determine the origin of electrical activation. The IPM-defined origin of sinus rhythm corresponded well with the anatomic position of the sinus node, as described in the literature. In patients, the IPM-derived premature ventricular contraction focus was 3-dimensionally located within 8.3 +/- 2.7 mm of the invasively determined focus using electroanatomic mapping. The impact of lungs on the IPM was investigated using homogeneous and inhomogeneous VCMs. The inhomogeneous VCM, incorporating lung-specific conductivity, provided more accurate results compared with the homogeneous VCM (8.3 +/- 2.7 and 10.3 +/- 3.1 mm, respectively; P=0.043). The interobserver agreement was high for homogeneous (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.862, P=0.003) and inhomogeneous (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.812, P=0.004) VCMs. Conclusion-Magnetic resonance imaging-based whole-heart IPM enables accurate spatial localization of sinus rhythm and premature ventricular contractions comparable to electroanatomic mapping. An inhomogeneous VCM improved IPM accuracy.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume4
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09

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