Feasibility and short-term effects of Activity Coach+: a physical activity intervention in hard-to-reach people with a physical disability

L. A. Krops*, J. H.B. Geertzen, H. L.D. Horemans, J. B.J. Bussmann, P. U. Dijkstra, R. Dekker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: Existing physical activity interventions do not reach a considerable proportion of physically disabled people. This study assessed feasibility and short-term effects of Activity Coach+, a community-based intervention especially targeting this hard-to-reach population. Methods: Feasibility was determined by reach, dropouts, and compliance with the protocol. Physical activity was measured with the Activ8 accelerometer and the adapted SQUASH questionnaire. Health outcomes were assessed by body composition, blood pressure, hand grip force, 10-metre walk test, 6-minute walk test, and the Berg Balance Scale. The RAND-36, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, and IMPACT-S were administered. Measurements were performed at baseline and after 2 and 4 months. Changes over time were analysed by Friedman tests. Results: Twenty-nine participants enrolled during the first 4 months, of whom two dropped out. Intervention components were employed in 86–100% of the participants. Physical activity did not change after the implementation of Activity Coach+. Body mass index (p = 0.006), diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.032), walking ability (p = 0.002), exercise capacity (p = 0.013), balance (p = 0.014), and vitality (p = 0.049) changed over time. Conclusions: Activity Coach + is feasible in a community setting. Indications for effectivity of Activity Coach + in hard-to-reach people with a physical disability were found.Implications for rehabilitation Activity Coach + was able to reach physically disabled people living in community, a population that is assumed hard-to-reach. Activity Coach + was feasible in a population of persons with a physical disability that was heterogeneous with respect to age and (severity of) disability. The current study provides the first indications for the beneficial health effects of Activity Coach + in hard-to-reach people with a physical disability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2769-2778
Number of pages10
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume43
Issue number19
Early online date30 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of University Medical Center Groningen; ZonMw (50004680); the Municipalities of Oldambt, Bellingwedde, and Vlagtwedde (The Netherlands); the Province of Groningen (The Netherlands) (675228); Stichting Beatrixoord Noord Nederland (210.159) and Huis voor de Sport Groningen.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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