Feasibility, safety, and efficacy of stereotactic body radiotherapy combined with intradermal heat-killed mycobacterium obuense (IMM-101) vaccination for non-progressive locally advanced pancreatic cancer, after induction chemotherapy with (modified)FOLFIRINOX – The LAPC-2 trial

Freek R. van 't Land, Diba Latifi, Miranda Moskie, Marjolein Y.V. Homs, Koop Bosscha, Bert A. Bonsing, Sven D. Mieog, Erwin van der Harst, Peter Paul L.O. Coene, Jan H. Wijsman, George P. van der Schelling, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Joost J. Nuyttens, Casper H.J. van Eijck*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and purpose: In this phase I/II trial, non-progressive locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) patients after (modified)FOLFIRINOX therapy were treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) combined with heat-killed mycobacterium (IMM-101) vaccinations. We aimed to assess safety, feasibility, and efficacy of this treatment approach. Materials and methods: On five consecutive days, patients received a total of 40 Gray (Gy) of SBRT with a dose of 8 Gy per fraction. Starting two weeks prior to SBRT, they in addition received six bi-weekly intradermal vaccinations with one milligram of IMM-101. The primary outcomes were the number of grade 4 or higher adverse events and the one-year progression free-survival (PFS) rate. Results: Thirty-eight patients were included and started study treatment. Median follow-up was 28.4 months (95 %CI 24.3 – 32.6). We observed one grade 5, no grade 4 and thirteen grade 3 adverse events, none related to IMM-101. The one-year PFS rate was 47 %, the median PFS was 11.7 months (95 %CI 11.0 – 12.5) and the median overall survival was 19.0 months (95 %CI 16.2 – 21.9). Eight (21 %) tumors were resected, of which 6 (75 %) were R0 resections. Outcomes were comparable with the outcomes of the patients from the previous LAPC-1 trial, in which LAPC patients were treated with SBRT, without IMM-101. Conclusion: Combination treatment with IMM-101 and SBRT was safe and feasible for non-progressive locally advanced pancreatic cancer patients after (modified)FOLFIRINOX. No improvement in the progression-free survival could be demonstrated by adding IMM-101 to SBRT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109541
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume183
Early online date20 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by the Survival with Pancreatic Cancer foundation (in dutch: Stichting Overleven met Alvleesklierkanker).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

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