Fiber-reinforced dental composites in beam testing

CCM van Heumen, CM Kreulen, EM Bronkhorst, Emmanuel Lesaffre, NHJ Creugers

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Objectives. The purpose of this study was to systematically review current literature on in vitro tests of fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) beams, with regard to studies that followed criteria described in an International Standard. The reported reinforcing effects of various fibers on the flexural strength and elastic modulus of composite resin beams were analyzed. Sources. Original, peer reviewed papers, selected using Medline from 1950 to 2007, on in vitro testing of FRC beams in comparison to non-reinforced composite beams. Also information from conference abstracts (IADR) was included. Data. With the keywords (fiber or fibre) and (resin or composite) and (fixed partial denture or FPD), the literature search revealed 1427 titles. Using this strategy a broad view of the clinical and non-clinical literature on fiber-reinforced FPDs was obtained. Restricting to three-point bending tests, 7 articles and 1 abstract (out of 126) were included. Finally, the data of 363 composite beams were analyzed. The differences in mean flexural strength and/or modulus between reinforced and unreinforced beams were set out in a forest plot. Meta-regression analyses were performed (single and multiple regression models). Conclusions. Under specific conditions we have been able to show that fibers do reinforce resin composite beams. The flexural modulus not always seems to increase with polyethylene-reinforcement, even when fibers are located at the tensile side. Besides, fiber architecture (woven vs. unidirectional) seems to be more important than the type of fiber for flexural strength and flexural modulus. (C) 2008 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1435-1443
Number of pages9
JournalDental Materials
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-01-66-01

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