First outbreak of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in The Netherlands: microbiology, epidemiology and clinical outcomes

Akke Bij, R van Mansfeld, G Peirano, Wil Goessens, Juliette Severin, JDD Pitout, R Willems, Mireille van Westreenen

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This study was designed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a tertiary care centre in The Netherlands, a country that is considered to have a low prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates cultured from clinical specimens during 2008-2009 were analysed phenotypically and molecularly by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with sequencing. Genotyping was performed by multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA). Clinical information was obtained by electronic chart review for all patients infected or colonised with an imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolate that was included in the study. In total, 106 imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates were included. The bla(VIM-2) gene was detected in 35/106 isolates (33%) and was associated with integrons. Compared with non-MBL-producing imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa, VIM-2 MBL-producing isolates showed higher rates of multidrug resistance. Patients with VIM-2 MBL-producing isolates were more likely to be admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and had a higher risk of invasive infection, including development of bacteraemia. MLVA identified two separate VIM-2 MBL-producing clones, responsible for outbreaks in the ICU but also affecting 10 other departments. This is the first reported outbreak of VIM-2 MBL-producing P. aeruginosa in The Netherlands. Once introduced, VIM-2 MBL-producing P. aeruginosa cause significant infections and are easily spread within the hospital setting. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)513-518
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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  • EMC MM-04-28-01

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