Forecasting TV ratings of Turkish television series using a two-level machine learning framework

Busranur Akgul, Tayfun Kucukyilmaz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


TV rating is a numeric estimate of the popularity of television programs. Forecasting TV ratings is considered an important asset for investment planning of media due to its potential of reducing the risks of future ventures. The aim of this study is to develop a machine learning model capable of efficiently forecasting the TV ratings of Turkish TV series in a practical manner. To this end, two prediction models were proposed for forecasting the TV ratings of television series, facilitating an extensive set of features. A contribution of this study is the inclusion of social media-based features using search trends around television series and exploration of the viability of using these features in place of temporal features. The study presents an extensive evaluation of the forecast performance of the proposed models. The performance of the proposed models were evaluated using a data collection composed of ratings and various attributes of series and their episodes aired at prime-time Turkish broadcast during 2014 and 2018. In the experiments, a theoretical forecast performance was first established with the inclusion of temporal features. Next, a set of practical models were proposed, replacing temporal attributes with social media-based attributes, relating to internet popularity and visibility of the series. The experiments show that, the proposed models achieve up to 1.65% error rate for the theoretical setting and 7.06% error rate for the practical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-766
Number of pages17
JournalTurkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Tayfun Küçükyılmaz conceived the idea, Büşranur Akgül performed the experiments, all authors interpreted the results andF prepared the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:


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