Forensic pregnancy diagnostics with placental mRNA markers

J Gauvin, Dmitry Zubakov, J van Rhee-Binkhorst, A (Ate) Kloosterman, Eric Steegers, Manfred Kayser

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Abstract

Current methods for pregnancy diagnostics are based on immunodetection of pregnancy-specific proteins and in a forensic context suffer from sensitivity and specificity issues. Here, we applied reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technology to 11 genes previously reported with placental mRNA circulating in maternal blood. We found two genes, hPL and beta hCG, with pregnancy-specific expression in whole blood samples. RT-PCR detection of hPL was positive in all samples tested throughout the pregnancy, whereas beta hCG was detectable until half of the second trimester but not at later gestation ages. For hPL, in vitro stability of the transcript was demonstrated until 2 months of age, and the hPL-specific RT-PCR assay applied was highly sensitive with reliable detection from down to 0.25 cm(2) dried bloodstain. We therefore suggest hPL-specific RT-PCR as a new molecular tool for forensic pregnancy diagnostics from dried blood stains. Moreover, our results indicate that the time-wise reverse expression of hPL and beta hCG during pregnancy may allow an RT-PCR-based estimation of the gestational age from blood stains, adding to the value of forensic pregnancy diagnosis for crime scene investigations.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Legal Medicine
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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