Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is the leading cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. The mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS)-mediated interferon (IFN) response plays a pivotal role in hepatic antiviral immunity. However, little is known about the effect of overexpression of MAVS on HEV infection. Full-length MAVS (FL-MAVS) is the main form of MAVS that increases the production of IFNs. Here, we studied the effect of FL-MAVS on HEV infection. We found that overexpression of FL-MAVS profoundly inhibited HEV replication. Furthermore, we showed that the anti-HEV effect of FL-MAVS is largely dependent on JAK-STAT signaling activation.
This research was supported by the research start-up fund of the Seventh Affiliated Hospital Sun Yat-sen University (SAHSYSU) (ZSQYRSFPD0028) to C. Qu.
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