Gallbladder Cancer in the Netherlands: Incidence, Treatment and Survival Patterns since 1989

Carlijn Witjes, Sanne Akker, O (Otto) Visser, Henrike Kos, Esther Vries, J.N.M. IJzermans, Rob de Man, Jan Willem Coebergh, Kees Verhoef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Background: To examine recent trends in gallbladder cancer (GBC) in the general population in the Western world, cancer registration data on GBC in the Netherlands were analyzed. Methods: Trends in incidence, treatment and survival, according to gender, age and stage of disease, between 1989 and 2008 for 3,917 patients were studied. Rates were age-standardized to the European standard population (European Standardized Rates - ESR). Results: The incidence rate for GBC in the Netherlands decreased rapidly during the period of 1989-2008, except for males younger than 60 years. Overall survival remained stable, short-term (3-month) and long-term (5-year) relative survival among surgically treated patients increased significantly. Treatment patterns for GBC changed. Surgery decreased from 55% in 1989 to 38% in 2008 (p < 0.001). Chemotherapy and/or irradiation increased from 1.0 to 5.8% (p < 0.001). Receiving best supportive care increased from 44% in 1989 to 57% in 2008 (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The incidence rate for GBC in the Netherlands has decreased rapidly. Treatment patterns for GBC have changed and survival among surgically treated patients has increased. Copyright (c) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs

  • EMC MM-03-47-02-A
  • EMC MM-03-47-11
  • EMC MM-04-20-02-A
  • EMC MM-04-47-07
  • EMC NIHES-02-65-02

Cite this