Gender and the Extent of Coronary Atherosclerosis, Plaque Composition, and Clinical Outcomes in Acute Coronary Syndromes

AJ lansky, VG Ng, A Maehara, G Weisz, A Lerman, GS Mintz, B de Bruyne, N Farhat, G Niess, I Jankovic, D Lazar, K Xu, M Fahy, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, GW Stone

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214 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the extent and composition of atherosclerosis contributing to acute coronary syndrome events in women compared with men. BACKGROUND Pathological studies suggest that plaque composition and burden may differ by sex. It is unclear whether sex impacts the extent, characteristics, and potential vulnerability of coronary plaques. METHODS A total of 697 patients (24% women) with acute coronary syndromes were enrolled in the prospective, multicenter PROSPECT (Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in the Coronary Tree) study. Three-vessel multimodality intracoronary imaging (quantitative coronary angiography, grayscale, and radiofrequency intravascular ultrasound [IVUS]) was performed after treatment of the culprit lesion(s). Events during a median 3.4-year follow-up were ascribed to recurrent culpri RESULTS Women were older and had more comorbid disease than men. By angiography, women had a similar number of angiographic culprit (p = 0.53) but fewer nonculprit (p = 0.05) lesions, and fewer vessels with nonculprit lesions (p = 0.048) compared with men even after multivariable adjustment (p = 0.002). By IVUS, women had fewer nonculprit lesions (p = 0.002), but similar plaque burden (PB) per lesion (55.6% vs. 55.3%; p = 0.35), and female sex was not predictive of severe (>70%) PB (p = 0.052). CONCLUSIONS The PROSPECT study validates that despite having more comorbid risk factors than men, women have less extensive coronary artery disease by both angiographic and IVUS measures, and that lesions in women compared with men have less plaque rupture, less necrotic core and calcium, similar plaque burden, and smaller lumens. TCFA may also be a stronger marker of plaque vulnerability in women than men. (J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2012;5:S62-72) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foun
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)S62-S72
JournalJACC-cardiovascular imaging
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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