Generation of DNA single-strand displacement by compromised nucleotide excision repair

C Godon, S Mourgues, Julie Nonnekens, A Mourcet, F Coin, Wim Vermeulen, PO Mari, GC Giglia

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a precisely coordinated process essential to avoid DNA damage-induced cellular malfunction and mutagenesis. Here, we investigate the mechanistic details and effects of the NER machinery when it is compromised by a pathologically significant mutation in a subunit of the repair/transcription factor TFIIH, namely XPD. In contrast to previous studies, we find that no single- or double-strand DNA breaks are produced at early time points after UV irradiation of cells bearing a specific XPD mutation, despite the presence of a clear histone H2AX phosphorylation (cH2AX) signal in the UV-exposed areas. We show that the observed cH2AX signal can be explained by the presence of longer single-strand gaps possibly generated by strand displacement. Our in vivo measurements also indicate a strongly reduced TFIIH-XPG binding that could promote single-strand displacement at the site of UV lesions. This finding not only highlights the crucial role of XPG's interactions with TFIIH for proper NER, but also sheds new light on how a faulty DNA repair process can induce extreme genomic instability in human patients. The EMBO Journal (2012) 31, 3550-3563. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2012.193; Published online 3 August 2012 Subject Categories: genome stability & dynamics; molecular biology of disease
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3550-3563
Number of pages14
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume31
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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