Generic surgical process model for minimally invasive liver treatment methods

Maryam Gholinejad*, Egidius Pelanis, Davit Aghayan, Åsmund Avdem Fretland, Bjørn Edwin, Turkan Terkivatan, Ole Jakob Elle, Arjo J. Loeve, Jenny Dankelman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


Surgical process modelling is an innovative approach that aims to simplify the challenges involved in improving surgeries through quantitative analysis of a well-established model of surgical activities. In this paper, surgical process model strategies are applied for the analysis of different Minimally Invasive Liver Treatments (MILTs), including ablation and surgical resection of the liver lesions. Moreover, a generic surgical process model for these differences in MILTs is introduced. The generic surgical process model was established at three different granularity levels. The generic process model, encompassing thirteen phases, was verified against videos of MILT procedures and interviews with surgeons. The established model covers all the surgical and interventional activities and the connections between them and provides a foundation for extensive quantitative analysis and simulations of MILT procedures for improving computer-assisted surgery systems, surgeon training and evaluation, surgeon guidance and planning systems and evaluation of new technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16684
Number of pages14
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is part of the HiPerNav project that received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program under grant agreement No 722068.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


Dive into the research topics of 'Generic surgical process model for minimally invasive liver treatment methods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this