Genetic risk factors for ischaemic stroke and its subtypes (the METASTROKE Collaboration): a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies

M Traylor, M Farrall, EG Holliday, C Sudlow, JC Hopewell, YC Cheng, M Fomage, Arfan Ikram, R Malik, S Bevan, U Thorsteinsdottir, MA Nalls, WT Longstreth, KL Wiggins, S Yadav, EA Parati, AL DeStefano, BB Worrall, S Kittner, MS KhanAP Reiner, A Helgadottir, S Achterberg, I Fernandez-Cadenas, S Abboud, R Schmidt, M Walters, WM Chen, EB Ringelstein, M O'Donnell, WK Ho, J Pera, R Lemmens, B Norrving, P Higgins, M Benn, M Sale, G Kuhlenbaumer, ASF Doney, AM Vicente, H Delavaran, A Algra, G Davies, SA Oliveira, CNA Palmer, I Deary, Heléna Schmidt, M Pandolfo, J Montaner, C Carty, PIW de Bakker, K Kostulas, JM Ferro, NR van Zuydam, E Valdimarsson, BG Nordestgaard, A Lindgren, V Thijs, A Slowik, D Saleheen, G Pare, K Berger, G Thorleifsson, Bert Hofman, TH Mosley, BD Mitchell, K Furie, R Clarke, C Levi, S Seshadri, A Gschwendtner, GB Boncoraglio, P Sharma, JC Bis, S Gretarsdottir, BM Psaty, PM Rothwell, J Rosand, JF Meschia, K Stefansson, M Dichgans, HS Markus

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Background Various genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been done in ischaemic stroke, identifying a few loci associated with the disease, but sample sizes have been 3500 cases or less. We established the METASTROKE collaboration with the aim of validating associations from previous GWAS and identifying novel genetic associations through meta-analysis of GWAS datasets for ischaemic stroke and its subtypes. Methods We meta-analysed data from 15 ischaemic stroke cohorts with a total of 12 389 individuals with ischaemic stroke and 62 004 controls, all of European ancestry. For the associations reaching genome-wide significance in METASTROKE, we did a further analysis, conditioning on the lead single nudeotide polymorphism in every associated region. Replication of novel suggestive signals was done in 13 347 cases and 29 083 controls. Findings We verified previous associations for cardioembolic stroke near PITX2 (p=2.8x10(-16)) and ZFHX3 (p=2.28x10(-8)), and for large-vessel stroke at a 9p21 locus (p=3.32x10(-5)) and HDAC9 (p=2.03x10(-12)). Additionally, we verified that all associations were subtype specific. Conditional analysis in the three regions for which the associations reached genome-wide significance (PITX2, ZFHX3, and HDAC9) indicated that all the signal in each region could be attributed to one risk haplotype. We Interpretation Our results show that, although genetic variants can be detected in patients with ischaemic stroke when compared with controls, all associations we were able to confirm are specific to a stroke subtype. This finding has two implications. First, to maximise success of genetic studies in ischaemic stroke, detailed stroke subtyping is required. Second, different genetic pathophysiological mechanisms seem to be associated with different stroke subtypes.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)951-962
Number of pages12
JournalLancet Neurology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-01-64-01
  • EMC NIHES-03-30-01

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