Genetics

Annelies de Klein, Dick Tibboel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Abstract

For many years karyotyping has been a successful tool to identify chromosome aberrations in congenital malformations It has proven to be a highly reliable technique for identifying numerical chromosome changes and structural chromosomal rearrangements. such as deletions. duplications, translocations. or inversions However. karyotyping has limited resolution of 5-10 Mb and depends on the availability of metaphases In the last decade, we have experienced the implementation of molecular cytogenetic techniques, resulting in the identification of chromosomal aberrations smaller than 5 Mbp Because DNA is used as starting material also analysis of pat at On or frozen biopsies is possible Several genes and loci have been identified. and careful genotype phenotype correlation has lead to the recognition of new syndromes. A further characterization of these new genes and loci involved in the etiology of congenital anomalies will lead to a better understanding of the underlying developmental pathways (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)234-239
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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