Geometry-based pressure drop prediction in mildly diseased human coronary arteries

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Pressure drop (Delta p) estimations in human coronary arteries have several important applications, including determination of appropriate boundary conditions for CFD and estimation of fractional flow reserve (FFR). In this study a Delta p prediction was made based on geometrical features derived from patient-specific imaging data. Twenty-two mildly diseased human coronary arteries were imaged with computed tomography and intravascular ultrasound. Each artery was modelled in three consecutive steps: from straight to tapered, to stenosed, to curved model. CFD was performed to compute the additional Delta p in each model under steady flow for a wide range of Reynolds numbers. The correlations between the added geometrical complexity and additional Delta p were used to compute a predicted Delta p. This predicted Delta p based on geometry was compared to CFD results. The mean Delta p calculated with CFD was 855 +/- 666 Pa. Tapering and curvature added significantly to the total Delta p, accounting for 31.4 +/- 19.0% and 18.0 +/- 10.9% respectively at Re = 250. Using tapering angle, maximum area stenosis and angularity of the centerline, we were able to generate a good estimate for the predicted Delta p with a low mean but high standard deviation, average error of 41.1 +/- 287.8 Pa at Re = 250. Furthermore, the predicted Delta p was used to accurately estimate FFR (r=0.93). The effect of the geometric features was determined and the pressure drop in mildly diseased human coronary arteries was predicted quickly based solely on geometry. This pressure drop estimation could serve as a boundary condition in CFD to model the impact of distal epicardial vessels. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1810-1815
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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