Greater Transplant-Free Survival in Patients Receiving Obeticholic Acid for Primary Biliary Cholangitis in a Clinical Trial Setting Compared to Real-World External Controls

C. Fiorella Murillo Perez, Holly Fisher, GLOBAL PBC Study Group and the members of the UK-PBC Consortium, Shaun Hiu, Dorcas Kareithi, Femi Adekunle, Tracy Mayne, Elizabeth Malecha, Erik Ness, Adriaan J. van der Meer, Willem J. Lammers, Palak J. Trivedi, Pier Maria Battezzati, Frederik Nevens, Kris V. Kowdley, Tony Bruns, Nora Cazzagon, Annarosa Floreani, Andrew L. Mason, Albert ParésMaria Carlota Londoño, Pietro Invernizzi, Marco Carbone, Ana Lleo, Marlyn J. Mayo, George N. Dalekos, Nikolaos K. Gatselis, Douglas Thorburn, Xavier Verhelst, Aliya Gulamhusein, Harry L.A. Janssen, Rachel Smith, Steve Flack, Victoria Mulcahy, Michael Trauner, Christopher L. Bowlus, Keith D. Lindor, Christophe Corpechot, David Jones, George Mells, Gideon M. Hirschfield, James Wason, Bettina E. Hansen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background & Aims: The Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) Obeticholic Acid (OCA) International Study of Efficacy (POISE) randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial demonstrated that OCA reduced biomarkers associated with adverse clinical outcomes (ie, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase) in patients with PBC. The objective of this study was to evaluate time to first occurrence of liver transplantation or death in patients with OCA in the POISE trial and open-label extension vs comparable non-OCA–treated external controls. Methods: Propensity scores were generated for external control patients meeting POISE eligibility criteria from 2 registry studies (Global PBC and UK-PBC) using an index date selected randomly between the first and last date (inclusive) on which eligibility criteria were met. Cox proportional hazards models weighted by inverse probability of treatment assessed time to death or liver transplantation. Additional analyses (Global PBC only) added hepatic decompensation to the composite end point and assessed efficacy in patients with or without cirrhosis. Results: During the 6-year follow-up, there were 5 deaths or liver transplantations in 209 subjects in the POISE cohort (2.4%), 135 of 1381 patients in the Global PBC control (10.0%), and 281 of 2135 patients in the UK-PBC control (13.2%). The hazard ratios (HRs) for the primary outcome were 0.29 (95% CI, 0.10–0.83) for POISE vs Global PBC and 0.30 (95% CI, 0.12–0.75) for POISE vs UK-PBC. In the Global PBC study, HR was 0.20 (95% CI, 0.03–1.22) for patients with cirrhosis and 0.31 (95% CI, 0.09–1.04) for those without cirrhosis; HR was 0.42 (95% CI, 0.21–0.85) including hepatic decompensation. Conclusions: Patients treated with OCA in a trial setting had significantly greater transplant-free survival than comparable external control patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1630-1642.e3
JournalGastroenterology
Volume163
Issue number6
Early online date20 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding
This study was funded through a collaborative research agreement with
Intercept Pharmaceuticals

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

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