Background: This study aims to identify the relationships between health behaviours (healthy diet, physical activity, not smoking and social activity) and well-being among older adults with a Surinamese background. Methods: Community-dwelling older adults (≥ 70 years) with a Surinamese background living in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, were identified by the municipal register. A survey study was conducted to assess background information, health behaviours (healthy diet, physical activity, not smoking and social activity) and well-being. Multiple regression analyses were performed to assess the relationships of health behaviours with well-being while controlling for background characteristics. Results: Average age of participants was 76.2 (4.9) years, slightly more than half of them were female (54.2%). Almost half of the participants had a low-income level (49.6%). More than half of the participants met the Dutch guidelines of fruit intake (63.0%) and vegetable intake (62.8%). Less than half of the participants met the guidelines of fish intake (40.9%) and physical activity (39.8%). The majority of the participants were non-smokers (87.9%). Most of the participants had daily contact with family/friends (90.9%) and slightly more than half of the participants visited family/friends often (53.6%). Looking at the health behaviours, a positive relationship was found between eating enough fruit (β =.109; p ≤ 0.05) and vegetables (β =.135; p ≤ 0.01), physical activity (β =.164; p ≤ 0.001) and often visiting family/friends (β =.158; p ≤ 0.001) with well-being. Conclusion: This study suggests that next to traditional health behaviours also social activity is an essential health behaviour for the well-being of older Surinamese adults. Research about health promotion should expand its focus by including social activity as health behaviour.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study is financed by the Erasmus University Rotterdam as part of the Vital Cities and Citizens Initiative program. The funders had no role in study design. data collection and analysis. decision to publish. or preparation of the manuscript.
Publisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).