Health economic evidence for the use of molecular biomarker tests in hematological malignancies: A systematic review

Martin Vu, Koen Degeling, Ella R. Thompson, Piers Blombery, David Westerman, Maarten J. IJzerman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
73 Downloads (Pure)


Objectives: Molecular biomarker tests can inform the clinical management of genomic heterogeneous hematological malignancies, yet their availability in routine care largely depends on the supporting health economic evidence. This study aims to systematically review the economic evidence for recent molecular biomarker tests in hematological malignancies. Methods: We conducted a systematic search in five electronic databases for studies published between January 2010 and October 2020. Publications were independently screened by two reviewers. Clinical study characteristics, economic methodology, and results were extracted, and reporting quality was assessed. Results: Fourteen studies were identified, of which half (n = 7; 50%) were full economic evaluations examining both health and economic outcomes. Studies were predominantly conducted in a first-line treatment setting (n = 7; 50%) and adopted a non-lifetime time horizon to measure health outcomes and costs (n = 7; 50%). Five studies reported that companion diagnostics for associated therapies were likely cost-effective for acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Four studies suggested molecular biomarker tests for treatment monitoring in chronic myeloid leukemia were likely cost-saving. Conclusions: Although there is initial confirmation of the promising health economic results, the present research for molecular biomarker tests in hematological malignancies is sparse with many applications of technological advances yet to be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-485
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
There are no funders to report for this submission. The authors would like to thank Smaro Lazarakis, Librarian, Health Sciences Library at the Royal Melbourne Hospital, the Royal Women’s Hospital, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, and Victorian Mental Health, for critically reviewing and advising on the selection of databases and search strategy.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. European Journal of Haematology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


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