Heavy work and disability pension - a long term follow-up of Swedish construction workers

B Jarvholm, M Stattin, Suzan Robroek, U Janlert, B Karlsson, Lex Burdorf

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Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of disability pensions over time among workers with physically demanding jobs. Methods The occurrence of disability pension was prospectively studied between 1980-2008 among 325 549, Swedish-construction workers. The risks for disability pension and years lost of working life were compared among 22 occupational groups, adjusting for age, body mass index, height, and smoking habits. Results The risk varied considerably among blue-collar workers. For example, rock workers had double the risk of disability pension [relative risk (RR) 2.16, 95% confidence interval (95% Cl) 1.96-2.39] compared to electricians. Most working years lost due to disability pensions (about 75%) were found among men >50 years, mainly as a result of musculoskeletal and cardiovascular diseases. The years of working life lost due to disability pension varied from 0.7 (salaried employees) to 3.2 years (rock workers) among occupational groups. Conclusion Work environment is an important predictor for disability pension among construction workers with those in physically heavy jobs having the highest burden of disability. If the purpose is to increase labor force participation for workers with heavy jobs, strategies to reduce physical demands at work among elderly workers are important.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)335-342
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-02-65-02

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