Hepatitis E virus infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

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Abstract

Purpose of review Recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplantations are at risk of acquiring acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection, leading to chronicity. We review the incidence, sequela, extrahepatic manifestations, and treatment of hepatitis due to HEV infection in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) recipients. Recent findings HEV infection and progression to chronic HEV in alloHSCT recipients are recently described. Misdiagnosis of HEV in alloHSCT recipients occurs, with liver enzyme abnormalities often attributed to hepatic graft-versus-host disease or drug-induced liver injury. HEV infection may occur in HSCT donors and emphasizes the need for HEV screening not only after HSCT, but also in donors presenting with liver function disturbances. The discussion about HEV screening of blood products will continue. Extrahepatic manifestations of hepatitis E are described. Summary HEV RNA screening in alloHSCT recipients with elevated liver enzymes is advised. Intervention strategies should be considered in cases of acute or chronic HEV infection. The first-line approach includes reduction of immunosuppressive medication. Oral ribavirin is in experienced hands a reasonable well tolerated treatment option, although the optimal dose, duration, and quantitative goals of ribavirin treatment are still unknown. Further studies are needed to improve our understanding of HEV, including extrahepatic manifestations and evaluation of therapeutic options.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)309-315
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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