High-sensitive troponin-T in adult congenital heart disease

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Abstract

Background: Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients are at risk of late complications including arrhythmias, heart failure and sudden death. High-sensitive troponin-T (hs-TnT) is the standard for diagnosing acute coronary syndrome, but is also associated with cardiac function and prognosis in other cardiac diseases. We aimed to describe hs-TnT level in ACHD patients, and determine its relationship with cardiac function and other biomarkers. Methods: Consecutive ACHD patients, visiting the outpatient clinic, underwent echocardiography, exercise testing and venipuncture on the same day. Results: In total 587 patients were included (median age 33 [IQR 25-41] years, 58% male, 90% NYHA class I). hs-TnT was above the detection limit of 5 ng/L in 241 patients (41%), of whom 47 (8%) had hs-TnT levels above the 99th percentile of normal of 14 ng/L. hs-TnT levels were highest in patients with a systemic RV or pulmonary hypertension. Patients with normal or non-detectable hs-TnT were younger (32 [IQR 24-40] years) than patient with elevated hs-TnT (42 [IQR 36-60] years, p < 0.001). The prevalence of hs-TnT >= 14 ng/L was higher in patients with NYHA >= II (36%, p < 0.001), systemic systolic dysfunction (38%, p < 0.001), non-sinus rhythm (43%, p < 0.001) and elevated pulmonary pressures (39%, p < 0.001). hs-TnT was correlated with NT-proBNP (r = 0.400, p < 0.001). Conclusions: hs-TnT above the 99th percentile of normal is observed in a non-trivial portion of stable ACHD patients, especially in those with a systemic RV or elevated pulmonary pressures. Since this biomarker of myocardial damage is related to NT-proBNP and ventricular function, its potential predictive value in ACHD patients seems promising and further investigation of underlying mechanisms is warranted. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)405-411
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume184
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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