High-throughput analysis for the simultaneous quantification of nine beta-lactam antibiotics in human plasma by UPC2-MS/MS: Method development, validation, and clinical application

Soma Bahmany*, Alan Abdulla, Tim M.J. Ewoldt, Philip L. Oehlers, Brenda C.M. de Winter, Birgit C.P. Koch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Quantification of beta-lactam antibiotics can be performed by using liquid chromatography in combination with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) or ultraviolet (UV) detection. Since beta-lactam antibiotics are known as highly polar analytes, using standard reversed phase chromatography will result in very early elution, which is often not desirable. Some retention is preferred to reduce matrix effects, because a high amount of non-retained molecular matrix species elute early from the column. For highly polar analytes, ultra-performance convergence chromatography (UPC2) may be a suitable alternative. This method is based on supercritical fluid chromatography. To our knowledge, we developed the first UPC2-MS/MS method for the determination of amoxicillin, benzylpenicillin, flucloxacillin, piperacillin, cefotaxime, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, imipenem, meropenem, and the free fraction of cefuroxime and flucloxacillin in human plasma. The method was validated according to the Food and Drug Administration guidelines. The method was found linear (r2 >0.990) for all analytes. The inaccuracies and imprecisions were < 15% for all analytes. The matrix effect and recovery were nearly all consistent with coefficient of variation of less than 15% and no significant carryover effect was observed. Furthermore, this method was found to be suitable for daily routine analysis in hospital settings, requiring only 50 µL of plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114904
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Volume219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2022

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