Histopathological growth patterns of neuroendocrine tumor liver metastases

Y. Meyer, A. Bohlok, P. Olthof, V. Donckier, M. Doukas, V. Lucidi, P. Vermeulen, D. Grünhagen, C. Verhoef*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Histopathological growth patterns (HGPs) of liver metastases represent a potential biomarker for prognosis after resection. They have never been studied in neuroendocrine tumor liver metastases (NETLM). This study evaluated if distinct HGPs can be observed in resected NETLM and if they have prognostic value. Sixty-three patients who underwent resection of NETLM between 01–01-2001 and 31–12-2021 were retrospectively included. HGPs were scored on Haematoxylin&Eosin slides using light microscopy, distinguishing desmoplastic- (dHGP), pushing- (pHGP) and replacement HGP (rHGP). Average HGP scores were calculated per patient. Each patient was classified according to predominant HGP. Overall and Disease-Free Survival (OS and DFS) were evaluated through Kaplan–Meier analysis and Cox regression. Eighteen patients had predominant dHGP (29%), 33 had predominant pHGP (52%) and 11 had predominant rHGP (17%). One patient had mixed HGP (2%). Five-year OS was 76% (95%CI: 66–87%) for the overall cohort. Five-year OS was 92% (95%CI: 77–100%) for dHGP, was 73% (95%CI: 59–91%) for pHGP, 50% (95%CI: 25–100%) for rHGP. Five-year DFS was 39% (95%CI: 19–83%) for dHGP, 44% (95%CI: 27–71%) for rHGP and 50% (95%CI: 23–100%) for pHGP. There was no significant association between HGP and OS or DFS in multivariable analysis. Distinct HGPs could be identified in NETLM. In patients who underwent resection of NETLM, no association was found between HGPs and postoperative survival. Half of the patients with NETLM have a predominant pushing growth pattern, which is a rare growth pattern in liver metastases from breast and colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-234
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Metastasis
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

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