Homologous recombination repair deficiency (HRD) is observed in 10% of patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer (PCa). Preliminary data suggest that HRD-PCa might be more responsive to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). In this study, we compare the tumor immune landscape and peripheral T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire of patients with and without HRD-PCa to gain further insight into the immunogenicity of HRD-PCa. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tumor tissue of 81 patients, including 15 patients with HRD-PCa. Peripheral TCR sequencing was performed in a partially overlapping cohort of 48 patients, including 16 patients with HRD-PCa. HRD patients more frequently had intratumoral CD3+, CD3+CD8−FoxP3− or Foxp3+ TILs above median compared to patients without DNA damage repair alterations (DDRwt; CD3+ and Foxp3+: 77% vs 35%, p = .013; CD3+CD8−FoxP3−: 80% vs 44%, p = .031). No significant difference in CD8+ TILs or PD-L1 expression was observed. In peripheral blood, HRD patients displayed a more diverse TCR repertoire compared to DDRwt patients (p = .014). Additionally, HRD patients shared TCR clusters with low generation probability, suggesting patient-overlapping T cell responses. A pooled analysis of clinical data from 227 patients with molecularly characterized PCa suggested increased efficacy of ICIs in HRD-PCa. In conclusion, patients with HRD-PCa display increased TIL density and an altered peripheral TCR repertoire. Further research into the efficacy of ICIs and the presence of shared neoantigens in HRD-PCa is warranted.
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 1 Jul 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank all participants that provided biomaterial for this study. Shabaz Sultan was supported by the Dutch Cancer Society – Alpe d’HuZes foundation (grant 10620).
This research was partly funded by Roche Diagnostics the Netherlands. The funding organization had no role in the design and conduct of the study, collection, management, analysis, interpretation of the data, and preparation, review, or approval of the abstract or the manuscript. We thank all participants that provided biomaterial for this study. Shabaz Sultan was supported by the Dutch Cancer Society–Alpe d’HuZes foundation (grant 10620).
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