Hormone replacement therapy in women with iatrogenic premature ovarian insufficiency after radiotherapy for cervical cancer: A retrospective cohort and survey study

Charlotte van der Hoef, Lawrencia Bawuah Dsane*, Nicoline Schuur, Yvonne V. Louwers, Jan Willem Mens, Nadia Hikary-Bhal, Helena C. van Doorn

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Objectives: 

This study assessed the uptake of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in cervical cancer patients with iatrogenic menopause. Survival in relation to HRT use was assessed via a retrospective chart study, and the severity of menopausal symptoms, motivations and barriers to starting HRT were examined via questionnaires. 

Study design: 

In total, 293 women under the age of 51 and treated with radiotherapy for cervical cancer between 2010 and 2020 were identified. Medical records were searched for information on HRT use. If still living, women were sent digital questionnaires addressing menopausal symptoms, quality of life (QoL) and potential barriers and motivations concerning HRT use. Univariable data were analysed using Mann-Whitney U, chi-square, and Fisher's exact test, while logistical regression was used to analyse relationships between certain variables and use of HRT and survival. 

Results: 

Overall HRT uptake was 78.1 %, which was related to age and Charlson Comorbidity Index, but independent of the duration of radiotherapy or FIGO stage. Overall survival was higher for HRT users (χ2(1) = 4.3, p = 0.038). Questionnaires were sent to 193 patients and 100 completed it (response rate 51.8 %). Main reasons for HRT use were relief of hot flushes and improvement in QoL. For women below age 51, QoL was indeed higher for current HRT users than for non-HRT users (EQ-index 0.8 vs. 0.7, p = 0.008). 

Conclusions: 

HRT prescription rate was inversely correlated with age. Survival was not negatively affected by HRT use. It is important to stress the benefits of HRT and address women's fears regarding its use.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108004
JournalMaturitas
Volume185
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2024

Bibliographical note

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© 2024

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