Human Factors and Operating Room Design Challenges

Dirk de Korne, HP (Huey Peng) Loh, S (Shanqing) Yin

Research output: Chapter/Conference proceedingChapterProfessional


Diffusing innovations from other industries have been suggested as a source to improve safety and quality of surgical patient care. Operating rooms are high-risk areas for preventable patient harm. Many studies focus on teaching, training, and changing staff behaviour as an approach to improvement. Most safety improvements in other high-risk industries, however, first focus on work area design before attempting to change behaviour. Design can purposefully shape behaviour towards more sustainable practices and improve teamwork dynamics and situational awareness. Human factor engineering, concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, can help in ‘mistake proofing’ by changing designs to make processes more reliable and effective. The field of design and human factor engineering can assist improving safety in the operating room. The application of these principles will be demonstrated in two case studies: Effects of operating floor marking on the position of surgical devices to promote clean air flow compliance and minimize infection risks, and use of video feedback and computer-assisted systems using video imaging technology to improve sensomotor and non-technical skills.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publicationSurgical Patient Care : Improving Safety, Quality and Value
Editors Juan A. Sanchez, Paul Barach, Julie K. Johnson, Jeffrey P. Jacobs
Place of PublicationBerlin
Number of pages880
ISBN (Print)9783319440088
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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