Hyponatremia is associated with unfavorable outcomes after reperfusion treatment in acute ischemic stroke

Anissa Pelouto*, Jorieke Reimer, Ewout J. Hoorn, Adrienne A. M. Zandbergen, Heleen M. den Hertog

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Background and purpose: In patients with acute ischemic stroke, hyponatremia (plasma sodium < 136 mmol/L) is common and associated with unfavorable outcomes. However, data are limited for patients who underwent intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and/or endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). Therefore, our aim was to assess the impact of hyponatremia on postreperfusion outcomes.Methods: We analyzed data of consecutive patients who presented with acute ischemic stroke and were treated with IVT and/or EVT at Isala Hospital, the Netherlands, in 2019 and 2020. The primary outcome measure was the adjusted common odds ratio (acOR) for a worse modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 3-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, in-hospital mortality, infarct core, and penumbra volumes.Results: Of the 680 patients (median age = 73 years, 49% female, median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale = 5), 430 patients (63%) were treated with IVT, 120 patients (18%) with EVT, and 130 patients (19%) with both. Ninety-two patients (14%) were hyponatremic on admission. Hyponatremia was associated with a worse mRS score at 3 months (acOR = 1.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.12-2.76) and in-hospital mortality (aOR = 2.39, 95% CI = 1.23-4.67), but not with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.39-3.47). Hyponatremia was also associated with a larger core (17.2 mL, 95% CI = 2.9-31.5) and core to penumbra ratio (55.0%, 95% CI = 7.1-102.9).Conclusions: Admission hyponatremia in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with IVT and/or EVT was independently associated with unfavorable postreperfusion outcomes, a larger infarct core, and a larger core to penumbra ratio. Future studies should address whether correction of hyponatremia improves the prognosis.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere16156
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
Issue number3
Early online date28 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2023 The Authors. European Journal of Neurology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Academy of Neurology.


Dive into the research topics of 'Hyponatremia is associated with unfavorable outcomes after reperfusion treatment in acute ischemic stroke'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this