AIM: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is treated with ibuprofen and it is known that the clearance of ibuprofen increases with postnatal age. We aimed to study whether postnatal age-adjusted ibuprofen dosages improve the effectiveness of treatment compared to standard ibuprofen dosages after the first days of life.
METHODS: A historical cohort of 207 preterm neonates treated with standard ibuprofen dosages (Group A; 2011-2015) was compared to a prospective cohort of 66 preterm neonates treated with postnatal age-adjusted ibuprofen dosages (Group B; 2015-2016).
RESULTS: Both groups had comparable background characteristics. Treatment was started after median 6 (25-75th percentile: 4-11) and 5 (25-75th percentile: 4-11) days and effectiveness was 33.2 and 44.7% (p = .17) in groups A and B, respectively. No hemodynamically significant PDA was found in 23/49 (46.9%) of the patients born before 28 weeks after adjusted ibuprofen dosages compared to 48/162 (29.6%) after standard ibuprofen dosages (p = .04). There were significantly more reversible side effects with the postnatal age-adjusted ibuprofen dosages (p = .04).
CONCLUSIONS: There seems to be a trend to higher effectiveness with the adjusted ibuprofen dosages in preterm neonates before 28 weeks, but it is associated with more reversible side effects.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2021|