ICS for multivariate functional anomaly detection with applications to predictive maintenance and quality control

Aurore Archimbaud, Feriel Boulfani, Xavier Gendre, Klaus Nordhausen, Anne Ruiz-Gazen*, Joni Virta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Multivariate functional anomaly detection has received a large amount of attention recently. Accounting both the time dimension and the correlations between variables is challenging due to the existence of different types of outliers and the dimension of the data. In the context of predictive maintenance and quality control, data sets often contain a large number of functional variables. However, most of the existing methods focus on a small number of functional variables. Moreover, in fields that have high reliability standards, detecting a small number of potential multivariate functional outliers with as few false positives as possible is crucial. In such a context, the adaptation of the Invariant Coordinate Selection (ICS) method from the multivariate to the multivariate functional case is of particular interest. Two extensions of ICS are proposed: point-wise and global. For both methods, the choice of the relevant components together with outlier identification and interpretation are discussed. A comparison is made on a predictive maintenance example from the avionics field and a quality control example from the microelectronics field. It appears that in such a context, point-wise and global ICS with a small number of selected components can be recommended.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEconometrics and Statistics
Early online date16 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Mar 2022

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