Identifying distinct trajectories of acute otitis media in children: A prospective cohort study

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Abstract

Objectives: To identify possibly distinct acute otitis media (AOM) trajectories in childhood and identify determinants associated with specific AOM trajectories. To explore which child will become prone to recurrent AOM episodes and which will not. Design: Population-based prospective cohort study among 7863 children from birth until 10 years and their mothers. Methods: This study was embedded in the Generation R Study: a population-based prospective cohort study. Data on AOM and determinants were collected by repeated parental questionnaires. Distinct AOM trajectories within the population were identified with latent-class analyses. Next, using multivariate analysis we checked whether specific determinants were associated with specific trajectories. Results: Three distinct trajectories were identified; that is, non–otitis prone, early AOM—that is children who suffered AOM episodes until 3 years of age but not beyond, and persistent AOM—that is children who remained otitis-prone. Male gender (OR: 1.26, CI: 1.11-1.43) and day-care attendance (OR: 1.31, CI: 1.06-1.60) were associated with increased odds of early AOM. Breastfeeding was beneficial for children in both the early-AOM and persistent-AOM trajectories (OR: 0.78 and 0.77, respectively). Birth in the summer or autumn as compared with birth in the spring decreased odds of AOM only in the persistent-AOM trajectory. Half of all AOM-prone children recovered after the age of 3 years. Conclusion: Specific determinants are associated with different AOM trajectories. Future research is needed to better predict which child will remain otitis-prone and which recovers after the age of 3 years to better tailor treatment towards the needs of the individual child.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)788-795
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Otolaryngology
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The general design of Generation R Study is made possible by financial support from the Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam; the Erasmus University, Rotterdam; the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw); the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO); the Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport; and the Ministry of Youth and Families. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript. The Generation R Study is conducted by the Erasmus Medical Center in close collaboration with the School of Law and Faculty of Social Sciences of the Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Municipal Health Service Rotterdam area, Rotterdam, the Rotterdam Homecare Foundation, Rotterdam, and the Stichting Trombosedienst & Artsenlaboratorium Rijnmond (STAR-MDC), Rotterdam. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of children and parents, general practitioners, hospitals, midwives and pharmacies in Rotterdam.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Clinical Otolaryngology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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