IL6/JAK1/STAT3 Signaling Blockade in Endometrial Cancer Affects the ALDH(hi)/CD126(+) Stem-like Component and Reduces Tumor Burden

Marten Zee, Andrea Sacchetti, Medine Cansoy, Rosalie Joosten, M Teeuwssen, Claudia Antonissen, Patricia Graham, Curt Burger, Leen Blok, Riccardo Fodde

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Abstract

Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) may be critical to maintain the malignant behavior of solid and hematopoietic cancers. Recently, patients with endometrial cancer whose tumors expressed high levels of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), a detoxifying enzyme characteristic of many progenitor and stem cells, exhibited a relative reduction in survival compared with patients with low levels of ALDH. Given evidence of its role as a CSC marker, we hypothesized that high level of ALDH activity (ALDH(hi)) in a tumor might positively correlate with the presence of stem-and progenitor-like tumor cells in this disease setting. In support of this hypothesis, ALDH could be used to enrich for CSC in endometrial cancer cell lines and primary tumors, as illustrated by the increased tumor-initiating capacity of ALDH(hi) cells in immunodeficient mice. ALDH(hi) cells also exhibited greater clonogenic and organoid-forming capacity compared with ALDH(lo) cells. Notably, the number of ALDH(hi) cells in tumor cell lines and primary tumors inversely correlated with differentiation grade. Expression analysis revealed upregulation of IL6 receptor subunits and signal transducers CD126 and GP130 in ALDH(hi) endometrial cancer cells. Accordingly, targeted inhibition of the IL6 receptor and its downstream effectors JAK1 and STAT3 dramatically reduced tumor cell growth. Overall, our results provide a preclinical rationale to target IL6 or its effector functions as a novel therapeutic option in endometrial cancer. (C) 2015 AACR.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)3608-3622
Number of pages15
JournalCancer Research
Volume75
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Research programs

  • EMC MM-03-24-01
  • EMC MM-03-52-02-A

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