Image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (Igabt) for primary vaginal cancer: Results of the international multicenter retroembrave cohort study

Henrike Westerveld*, Maximilian P. Schmid, Remi A. Nout, Cyrus Chargari, Bradley R. Pieters, Carien L. Creutzberg, Alina Sturdza, Jacob C. Lindegaard, Zdenko van Kesteren, Renaud Mazeron, Nicole Nesvacil, Lars U. Fokdal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study assessed outcomes following the nowadays standing treatment for primary vaginal cancer with radio(chemo)therapy and image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) in a multicenter patient cohort. Methods: Patients treated with computer tomography (CT)–MRI-assisted-based IGABT were included. Retrospective data collection included patient, tumor and treatment characteristics. Late morbidity was assessed by using the CTCAE 3.0 scale. Results: Five European centers included 148 consecutive patients, with a median age of 63 years. At a median follow-up of 29 months (IQR 25–57), two-and five-year local control were 86% and 83%; disease-free survival (DFS) was 73% and 66%, and overall survival (OS) was 79% and 68%, respectively. Crude incidences of ≥ grade-three urogenital, gastro-intestinal and vaginal morbidity was 8%, 3% and 8%, respectively. Lymph node metastasis was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival (DFS). Univariate analysis showed improved local control in patients with T2–T4 tumors if >80 Gy EQD2α/β10 was delivered to the clinical target volume (CTV) at the time of brachytherapy. Conclusions: In this large retrospective multicenter study, IGABT for primary vaginal cancer resulted in a high local control with acceptable morbidity. These results compared favorably with two-dimensional (2D) radiograph-based brachytherapy and illustrate that IGABT plays an important role in the treatment of vaginal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1459
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2021

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