Immunity induced by a broad class of inorganic crystalline materials is directly controlled by their chemistry

GR Williams, K Fierens, SG Preston, D Lunn, O Rysnik, S De Prijck, Mirjam Kool, HC Buckley, Bart Lambrecht, D O'Hare, JM Austyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There is currently no paradigm in immunology that enables an accurate prediction of how the immune system will respond to any given agent. Here we show that the immunological responses induced by members of a broad class of inorganic crystalline materials are controlled purely by their physicochemical properties in a highly predictable manner. We show that structurally and chemically homogeneous layered double hydroxides (LDHs) can elicit diverse human dendritic cell responses in vitro. Using a systems vaccinology approach, we find that every measured response can be modeled using a subset of just three physical and chemical properties for all compounds tested. This correlation can be reduced to a simple linear equation that enables the immunological responses stimulated by newly synthesized LDHs to be predicted in advance from these three parameters alone. We also show that mouse antigen-specific antibody responses in vivo and human macrophage responses in vitro are controlled by the same properties, suggesting they may control diverse responses at both individual component and global levels of immunity. This study demonstrates that immunity can be determined purely by chemistry and opens the possibility of rational manipulation of immunity for therapeutic purposes.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1019-1025
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume211
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this