Immunohistochemical and histopathological validation of 18 F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT for intraprostatic cancerous lesions

Joris G Heetman, Rick Hermsen, Leonie Exterkate, Heidi V N Küsters-Vandevelde, Lenneke J M Brouwer, Diederik M Somford, Roderick C N van den Bergh, Jean-Paul A van Basten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is overexpressed in prostate cancer (PCa). In this study, we aim to immunohistochemically and histopathological validate the fluorine-18 (18 F)-PSMA-1007 positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for intraprostatic PCa lesions.

METHODS: Between February 2019 and October 2020, patients with biopsy-proven, treatment-naïve intermediate-to-high-risk PCa undergoing an 18 F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT before robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) were prospectively enrolled. For all PCa lesions found on whole-mount histopathology, location, size, International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group (GG), and immune reactive score (IRS) were assessed after PSMA staining. ISUP GG ≥ 3 PCa was defined as clinically significant (cs) PCa. All lesions were matched on PSMA PET/CT and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was measured.

RESULTS: A total of 125 lesions were analyzed in the 80 RARP specimens, of which 49 (40%) were csPCa and 76 (60%) non-csPCa. Linear multivariable regressions showed that an increase in SUVmax significantly correlated with a higher ISUP GG (p values between 0.021 and 0.001) and a higher IRS (p = 0.017). Logistic multivariable regression showed that csPCa significantly correlated with a higher SUVmax (odds ratio, OR: 1.17 [95% confidence interval, CI: 1.04-1.21, p = 0.005]), an increase in tumor length (OR: 1.05 [95% CI 1.01-1.10, p = 0.020]) and a higher IRS (OR; 1.24 [95% CI 1.07-1.47, p = 0.006]). A SUVmax threshold of 4 would have resulted in one (2%) missed lesion with csPCa.

CONCLUSION: This prospective study revealed that 18 F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT SUVmax is correlated with the ISUP GG and IRS, and thereby could be a tool to characterize intraprostatic PCa lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1332-1341
Number of pages10
JournalProstate
Volume83
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

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