Impact of infantile short bowel syndrome on long-term health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional study

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Abstract

Background/Purpose: Studies on the long-term effects of short bowel syndrome (SBS) on the quality of life are scarce. Therefore, we determined health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents with a history of infantile SBS compared with that of same-aged controls drawn from the general population. Methods: Cross-sectional assessment (2005-2007) of HRQoL in children with a history of infantile SBS treated in their first year of life, born between 1987 and 2002, using generic HRQoL measures was performed. Children aged 5 to 18 years and their parents filled out the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Differences in scores between subjects and controls were analyzed using independent sample t tests. Results: Thirty-one children with a history of SBS (19 girls and 12 boys; mean age, 11.8 +/- 4.2 years) participated, giving an overall response rate of 70%. The children and their parents reported significantly lower HRQoL than 275 healthy age-matched children and their parents (P < .05). Conclusions: Children with a history of infantile SBS have a lower HRQoL than healthy age-matched controls. This difference lasts beyond childhood and way beyond the period of intestinal rehabilitation early in life. These findings highlight the need for targeted interventions to address these dimensions of impaired HRQoL. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1309-1316
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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