Impact of on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on 10-year mortality versus percutaneous coronary intervention

Shigetaka Kageyama, Patrick W. Serruys, the SYNTAX Extended Survival Study Investigators, Kai Ninomiya, Neil O'Leary, Shinichiro Masuda, Nozomi Kotoku, Antonio Colombo, Robert Jan van Geuns, Milan Milojevic, Michael J. Mack, Alan Soo, Scot Garg, Yoshinobu Onuma, Piroze M. Davierwala

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The very long-term mortality of off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a randomized complex coronary artery disease population is unknown. This study aims to investigate the impact of on-pump and off-pump CABG versus PCI on 10-year all-cause mortality. METHODS: The SYNTAX trial randomized 1800 patients with three-vessel and/or left main coronary artery disease to PCI or CABG and assessed their survival at 10 years. In this sub-study, the hazard of mortality over 10 years was compared according to the technique of revascularization: on-pump CABG (n = 725), off-pump CABG (n = 128) and PCI (n = 903). RESULTS: There was substantial inter-site variation in the use of off-pump CABG despite baseline characteristics being largely homogeneous among the 3 groups. The crude rate of mortality was significantly lower following on-pump CABG versus PCI [25.6% vs 28.4%, hazard ratio (HR) 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.65-0.96], while it was comparable between off-pump CABG and PCI (28.5% vs 28.4%, HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.69-1.40). After adjusting for the 9 variables included in the SYNTAX score II 2020, 10-year mortality remained significantly lower with on-pump CABG than PCI (HR 0.75 against PCI, P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: In the SYNTAXES trial, 10-year mortality adjusted for major confounders was significantly lower following on-pump CABG compared to PCI. There was no evidence for unadjusted difference between off-pump CABG and PCI, although the unadjusted estimated HR had a wide CI. Site heterogeneity in the technique used in bypass surgery has had measurable effects on treatment performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberezad240
JournalEuropean journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

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