BACKGROUND: Tumor location as a prognostic factor for patients with liposarcoma (LPS) has been studied modestly with varying outcomes. The aim was to establish the impact of tumor location on recurrence and survival of LPS patients.
METHODS: A retrospective database of patients treated for LPS until December 2017 was used to assess 5-year local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) per tumor location using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. A multivariable Cox regression analysis was performed to adjust for other prognostic factors.
RESULTS: In total, 518 patients were identified with a median follow-up of 68 months (interquartile range 31-138). Patients with retroperitoneal/intrathoracic WDLPS or DDLPS (p = 0.014), or testicular WDLPS (p = 0.026) developed a local recurrence more often than patients with other tumor locations. No differences between LPS subtypes and tumor location in the development of metastases (p = 0.600) was observed. Five-year LRFS differed significantly between tumor locations (p < 0.001) as well as 5y-DSS (p < 0.001), but 5y-DMFS did not (p = 0.241), with retroperitoneal/intrathoracic LPS having a worse prognosis. Patients with WDLPS in the extremity, trunk or testicular region did not die of disease, except for the rare occasion of dedifferentiation upon recurrence. After adjustment for other prognostic factors, tumor location was only of prognostic value for DSS (retroperitoneal/intrathoracic vs. extremity: HR 5.08, 95% CI 2.41-10.71, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: For all tumor locations, DSS mimicked DMFS except for retroperitoneal/intrathoracic LPS, where DSS mimicked LRFS and where DSS was worse than DMFS. This implies that these patients die of local disease instead of metastatic disease.