Impact of Safety-Related Regulatory Action on Clinical Practice A Systematic Review

S Piening, FM Haaijer-Ruskamp, JTN de Vries, ME van der Elst, PA de Graeff, Sabine Straus, PGM Mol

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Abstract

Background: After market approval, new serious safety issues are regularly identified for drugs that lead to regulatory action to inform healthcare professionals. However, the effectiveness of these safety-related regulatory actions is under question. We currently lack a comprehensive overview of the effects of these drug safety warnings on clinical practice to resolve the debate about their effectiveness. Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of studies that assessed the impact of safety warnings. Study Selection: A systematic search was performed for articles assessing the impact of Direct Healthcare Professional Communications or 'Dear Doctor' letters, Black Box Warnings and Public Health Advisories on clinical behaviour published between January 1996 and January 2010. The following variables were extracted: publication year, country, name of the drug, safety issue, specific safety warning (Direct Healthcare Professional Communication/Black Box Warning/Public Health Advisory), effect (i Results: A total of 50 articles were identified. Two articles assessed two different drugs and were therefore counted twice (n = 52). Thirty-three articles described the impact of safety warnings issued for three drugs and drug groups, i.e. third-generation oral contraceptives, cisapride and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The remaining 19 articles described a broad variety of 14 drugs and drug groups. Twenty-five studies applied an interrupted time series design, 23 a controlled or unc Conclusions: There is a clear need for further research with appropriate study designs and statistical analyses, with more attention to confounding factors such as media coverage, to understand the impact of safety-related regulatory action.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)373-385
Number of pages13
JournalDrug Safety
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs

  • EMC NIHES-03-77-02

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