Impact of Statin Therapy on Plaque Characteristics as Assessed by Serial OCT, Grayscale and Integrated Backscatter-IVUS

K Hattori, Y Ozaki, TF Ismail, M Okumura, H Naruse, SN Kan, M Ishikawa, T Kawai, M Ohta, H Kawai, T Hashimoto, Y Takagi, J Ishii, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys, J Narula

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of statin treatment on coronary plaque composition and morphology by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale and integrated backscatter (IB) intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging. BACKGROUND Although previous studies have demonstrated that statins substantially improve cardiac mortality, their precise effect on the lipid content and fibrous cap thickness of atherosclerotic coronary lesions is less clear. While IVUS lacks the spatial resolution to accurately assess fibrous cap thickness, OCT lacks the penetration of IVUS. We used a combination of OCT, grayscale and IB-IVUS to comprehensively assess the impact of pitavastatin on plaque characteristics. METHODS Prospective serial OCT, grayscale and IB-IVUS of nontarget lesions was performed in 42 stable angina patients undergoing elective coronary intervention. Of these, 26 received 4 mg pitavastatin after the baseline study; 16 subjects who refused statin treatment were followed with dietary modification alone. Follow-up imaging was performed after a median interval of 9 months. RESULTS Grayscale IVUS revealed that in the statin-treated patients, percent plaque volume index was significantly reduced over time (48.5 +/- 10.4%, 42.0 +/- 11.1%; p = 0.033), whereas no change was observed in the diet-only patients (48.7 +/- 10.4%, 50.4 +/- 11.8%; p = NS). IB-IVUS identified significant reductions in the percentage lipid volume index over time (34.9 +/- 12.2%, 28.2 +/- 7.5%; p = 0.020); no change was observed in the diet-treated group (31.0 +/- 10.7%, 33.8 +/- 12.4%; p = NS). CONCLUSIONS Statin treatment induces favorable plaque morphologic changes with an increase in fibrous cap thickness, and decreases in both percentage plaque and lipid volume indexes. (J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2012;5:169-77) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)169-177
Number of pages9
JournalJACC-cardiovascular imaging
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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