Impaired Immune Responses and Antigen-Specific Memory CD4(+) T Cells in Hemodialysis Patients

Nicolle Litjens, J Huisman, M van den Dorpel, M.G.H. Betjes

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Abstract

Serologic responses to T cell-dependent vaccinations are severely attenuated in patients with ESRD, but the reasons for this is unknown. In this study, a detailed analysis of antigen-specific T cell responses was performed. Patients on hemodialysis and age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects were vaccinated with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells were monitored at regular intervals with intracellular cytokine staining and proliferation assays. IL-2- and IFN-gamma-producing CD4(+) T cells were identified as either central or effector memory CD4(+) T cells using antibodies directed against CD45RO and the chemokine receptor CCR7. Control subjects mounted a memory T cell response comprising both central and effector memory CD4(+) T cells, with the central memory response occurring 1 wk before the effector memory response. IL-2(+) HBsAg-specific memory CD4(+) T cells were primarily detected within the effector population. Patients with ESRD showed a delayed response of IL-2- and IFN-gamma-producing central memory CD4(+) T cells, but their maximal responses were similar to those of control subjects. In contrast, patients with ESRD produced only 6.3% of the IL-2(+) HBsAg-specific effector memory CD4(+) T cells produced by control subjects (0.5 +/- 0.2 x 10(4)/L versus 8 +/- 3.5 x 10(4)/L; P < 0.001), and this impaired response correlated with antigen-specific T cell proliferation and anti-HBsAg IgG titers. In conclusion, the production of antigen-specific effector memory CD4(+) T cells after vaccination, which is critical to achieve an adequate humoral response, is severely impaired in patients with ESRD.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1483-1490
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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