Aims: The study prospectively assessed motor development from infancy to adolescence in patients with esophageal atresia (EA). Methods: At one year of age motor performance was evaluated with the Psychomotor Developmental Index (PDI) of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (BSID-II), and as adolescents reevaluated with Motor Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (MABC-2). Associations to clinical factors were assessed. Results: 23 EA patients were followed from infancy to adolescence. The median total PDI score in infancy was 102 (56–118) and the corresponding mean z-score was −0.006 (SD 0.995) and not significantly different from the reference values (p = 0.48). The median total MABC-2 score in adolescence was 75 (32–93) and the corresponding mean z-score −0.43 (SD 0.998) which is significantly below normal (p = 0.03). Children with impaired motor function in adolescence underwent significantly more rethoracotomies than those with normal motor performance (p = 0.037); whereas the two groups did not differ with respect to other clinical characteristics. Conclusion: From infancy to adolescence the motor performance in the group of EA patients deteriorated from within normal range to significantly impaired compared to reference values. Interdisciplinary follow-up programs from infancy to adolescence with close monitoring for motor function is necessary to detect motor impairments.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
© 2020 The Authors