Implementation of perioperative music in day care surgery

Muriël Reudink*, Victor X. Fu, Kwint T.R. Mackenbach, Johannes Jeekel, Gerrit D. Slooter, Esther M. Dias

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Background: Perioperative music can have beneficial effects on postoperative pain and perioperative opioid requirement. This study aims to assess the implementation feasibility of music in day care surgery through adherence to implementation, as well as its effects. Methods: This implementation study employed a prospective single-center study design. Perioperative music was implemented as part of standard surgical care during day care surgery procedures. The music intervention consisted of preselected playlists. Primary outcome was adherence to implementation. Barriers and attitudes towards music of patients and perioperative care providers were evaluated. Furthermore, the effects of music were assessed through a matched cohort analysis. This study was registered with the Netherlands Trial Register (NL8213). Results: From January to April 2020, a total of 109 patients received the music intervention and 97 were analyzed after matching to retrospective controls. Adherence rate to the music intervention was 92% preoperatively, 81% intraoperatively, and 86% postoperatively, with 83% of patients satisfied with the preselected music, and 93% finding music to be beneficial to surgical care. All health care providers believed perioperative music to be beneficial (63%) or were neutral (37%) towards its use. Postoperative pain was not significantly different (mean numeric rating scale 0.74; the music intervention group versus 0.68; control group, p =.363). Although not statistically significant, postoperative opioid requirement in the music group was lower (30% versus 40%, p =.132). Conclusion: Perioperative music implementation in day care surgery is feasible with high adherence rates, patient satisfaction levels, and positive attitudes of health care providers towards its use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-289
Number of pages9
JournalActa Chirurgica Belgica
Issue number3
Early online date12 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank all patients, health care providers and research assistants for their participation in the study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


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