Implementing value-based healthcare using a digital health exchange platform to improve pregnancy and childbirth outcomes in urban and rural Kenya

Peter Dohmen*, Teresa De Sanctis, Emma Waiyaiya, Wendy Janssens, Tobias Rinke de Wit, Nicole Spieker, Mark Van der Graaf, Erik M. Van Raaij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Maternal and neonatal mortality rates in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are still far above the targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3. Value-based healthcare (VBHC) has the potential to outperform traditional supply-driven approaches in changing this dismal situation, and significantly improve maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) outcomes. We developed a theory of change and used a cohort-based implementation approach to create short and long learning cycles along which different components of the VBHC framework were introduced and evaluated in Kenya. At the core of the approach was a value-based care bundle for maternity care, with predefined cost and quality of care using WHO guidelines and adjusted to the risk profile of the pregnancy. The care bundle was implemented using a digital exchange platform that connects pregnant women, clinics and payers. The platform manages financial transactions, enables bi-directional communication with pregnant women via SMS, collects data from clinics and shares enriched information via dashboards with payers and clinics. While the evaluation of health outcomes is ongoing, first results show improved adherence to evidence-based care pathways at a predictable cost per enrolled person. This community case study shows that implementation of the VBHC framework in an LMIC setting is possible for MNCH. The incremental, cohort-based approach enabled iterative learning processes. This can support the restructuring of health systems in low resource settings from an output-driven model to a value based financing-driven model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1040094
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Dohmen, De Sanctis, Waiyaiya, Janssens, Rinke de Wit, Spieker, Van der Graaf and Van Raaij.

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