Improved cardiovascular risk profile and renal function in renal transplant patients after randomized conversion from cyclosporine to tacrolimus

Marika A. Artz*, Johannes M.M. Boots, Gerry Ligtenberg, Joke I. Roodnat, Maarten H.L. Christiaans, Pieter F. Vos, Henk J. Blom, Fred C.G.J. Sweep, Pierre N.M. Demacker, Luuk B. Hilbrands

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cyclosporine is considered to contribute to the high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients after renal transplantation. Tacrolimus may be more favorable in this respect, but controlled data are scarce. In this prospective randomized study in 124 stable renal transplant patients, the effects of conversion from cyclosporine to tacrolimus on cardiovascular risk factors and renal function were investigated. Follow-up was 6 mo. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA for repeated measurements. The serum creatinine level decreased from 137 ± 30 μmol/L to 131 ± 29 μmol/L (P < 0.01). Three months after conversion from cyclosporine to tacrolimus, mean BP significantly decreased from 104 ± 13 to 99 ± 12 mmHg (P < 0.001). Serum LDL cholesterol decreased from 3.48 ± 0.80 to 3.11 ± 0.74 mmol/L (P < 0.001,) and serum apolipoprotein B decreased from 1018 ± 189 to 935 ± 174 mg/L (P < 0.001). Serum triglycerides decreased from 2.11 ± 1.12 to 1.72 ± 0.94 mmol/L (P < 0.001). In addition, both rate and extent of LDL oxidation were reduced. The fibrinogen level decreased from 3638 ± 857 to 3417 ± 751 mg/L (P < 0.05). Plasma homocysteine concentration did not change. Three months after conversion, plasma fasting glucose level temporarily increased from 5.4 ± 1.3 mmol/L to 5.8 ± 1.9 mmol/L (P < 0.05). Conversion to tacrolimus resulted in a significant reduction of the Framingham risk score. In conclusion, conversion from cyclosporine to tacrolimus in stable renal transplant patients has a beneficial effect on renal function, BP, serum concentration and atherogenic properties of serum lipids, and fibrinogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1880-1888
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2003

Research programs

  • EMC MM-04-39-05

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