Improving IVUS Palpography by Incorporation of Motion Compensation Based on Block Matching and Optical Flow

Mike Danilouchkine, Frits Mastik, Ton van der Steen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) strain imaging of the luminal layer in coronary arteries, coined as IVUS palpography, utilizes conventional radio frequency (RF) Signals acquired kit 2 different levels of a compressional load. The signals are cross-correlated to obtain the microscopic tissue displacements, which call be directly translated into local strain of the vessel wall. However, (apparent) tissue motion and nonuniform deformation of the vessel wall, due to catheter wiggling, reduce signal correlation and result in invalid strain estimates. Implications of probe motion were studied oil the tissue-mimicking phantom. The measured circumferential tissue displacement and level of the speckle decorrelation amounted to 12 degrees and 0.58, respectively, for the catheter displacement of 456 mu m. To compensate for the motion artifacts in IVUS palpography, a novel method based on the feature-based scale-space optical flow (OF), and classical block matching (BM) algorithm, were employed. The computed OF vector and BM displacement fields quantify the amount of local tissue misalignment in consecutive frames. Subsequently, the extracted circumferential displacements are used to realign the signals before strain computation. Motion compensation reduces the RF signal decorrelation and increases the number of valid strain estimates. The advantage of applying the motion correction in IVUS palpography was demonstrated in a midscale validation study on 14 in vivo pullbacks. Both methods substantially increase the number of valid strain estimates in the partial and compounded palpograms. Mean relative improvement in the number of valid strain estimates with motion compensation in comparison to one without motion compensation amounts to 28% and 14%, respectively. Implementation of motion compensation methods boosts the diagnostic value of IVUS palpography
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2392-2404
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Volume55
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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